Updated: Nov. 2010.
Copyright © 1995 by Jacob Bear,
Jacob Bear, Professor Emeritus
Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering
Technion-Israel Inst. of Technology
Haifa, Israel 32000
Faculty of Civil & Environmental Engineering
Technion-Israel Institute of Technology
Haifa 32000, Israel
Jacob Bear is a Professor Emeritus in the Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering of the Technion--Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel, where for many years he held the Albert and Anne Mansfield Chair in Water Resources. He received his B.Sc., P.E., and M.Sc. degrees from the Technion, and his Ph.D. degree from the Univ. of California at Berkeley (1960). All degrees are in Civil Engineering. He was the first recipient (1977) of the Birdsall Distinguished Lecturer in Hydrogeology, awarded by the Geological Society of America, Hydrogeological Div., Washington, D.C. He was awarded Honorary Doctorates in Technological Sciences both by the Delft Univ. of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands (1978), and by E.T.H., Zurich, Switzerland (1988). He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, and was awarded the 1990 K. Hubbert Award by the National Ground Water Assoc. (USA). In 1998, he was awarded the Rothschild Prize in Engineering (Israel). In 2003 he was awarded the Excellence in Education Medal by the American Geophysical Union (AGU). He was elected Boussinesq Lecturer for 2006 by the Boussinesq Center for Hydrology, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. In 2009, he was awarded the (first) Honorary Lifetime Membership, by INTERPORE—The International Society for Porous medium. In 2010 he was awarded the Horton Medal by the Americal Geophysical union (AGU)--"for his contributions to hydrology".
He joined the Faculty of Civil Engineering at the Technion--Israel Inst. of Technology in 1960, and was promoted to professorship in 1970. At the Technion, he has served as Deputy Vice President (1970-1972), Vice President for Academic Affairs (1972-1976), Dean of Graduate School (1984-1986), the first Director of the S. Neaman Institute for Advanced Studies in Science and Technology (1978-1982), and Dean of Civil Engineering (1995-1997)
In 2003 he established the School of Engineering at the Kinneret College on the Sea of Galilee, Zemach, Israel and has been serving as its Dean since then.
His teaching, research, and consulting cover the areas of groundwater hydrology and hydraulics, management of water resources, subsurface contamination and remediation, and the general theory of transport phenomena in porous media. Specifically:
· Groundwater hydrology This includes conceptual, mathematical and numerical modelling of groundwater flow and contaminant transport in confined, leaky and water-table aquifers, sea water intrusion into coastal aquifers, well hydraulics, pumping tests to determine aquifer coefficients, artificial recharge of aquifers, groundwater storage in aquifers, model calibration, determination of safe yield of aquifers, optimal utilization and management of groundwater resources, quality control of groundwater. Also, conceptual, mathematical and numerical modeling of flow and contaminant transport in the unsaturated zone, especially in connection with contamination by hazardous and toxic materials, and remediation techniques to remove pollutants from the subsurface.
· Transport phenomena in porous media. He deals with the fundamentals that describe the transport of all extensive quantities--mass of fluid phases, mass of chemical components in fluid phases, momentum and energy (heat) in single and multiple-phase systems, in a rigid or deformable porous medium, under isothermal or nonisothermal conditions. He has developed a unified approach to modeling all these transport phenomena--first as conceptual models and then as well-posed mathematical ones--as required for the solution of problems encountered in practice. Such problems are encountered in connection with groundwater utilization and contamination, in chemical engineering, in petroleum engineering--where we have multiphase flow in reservoirs, in energy storage (heat storage in the saturated and unsaturated zones, and compressed air energy storage in aquifers), in geothermal engineering, and in industry.
· Modeling flow and contaminant transport in the subsurface. Research and consulting on modeling subsurface contamination, in both the saturated (aquifers) and unsaturated zones. Single and multiphase flow. Spreading of contaminants in the subsurface. Contamination by dissolved chemical species in single and multiphase flow, and the movement of NAPLs in the subsurface. Remediation of contaminated subsurface. Contamination in variable density flow.
· Policy research and management of water resources. He has developed a general approach to establishing a policy aiming at achieving specified goals, in national or regional water resource systems, with multiple objectives and criteria.
· He has been acting as consultant on groundwater hydrology and management and development of water resources to the Hydrological Service, Water Commission, Ministry of Agriculture., (1960-1987), to Water Planning for Israel Ltd. (TAHAL) (1960-1989), to Sandia National Laboratory, to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (since 1990), and to private companies in Israel and abroad. His main work in recent years has been on subsurface (both aquifers and the unsaturated zone) contamination by hazardous materials and remediation of contaminated subsurface.
His work has been summarized in over 200 papers in scientific journals, research reports, and books. His well known books, used by students and practitioners all over the world are:
· Bear, J., Zaslavsky, D. and S. Irmay. Physical Principles of Water Percolation and Seepage, Unesco, 1968. Translated into Russian.
· Bear, J. Dynamics of Fluids in Porous Materials, American Elsevier, 1972. Also reissued by Dover publication, 1988. Translated into Chinese.
· Bear, J. Hydraulics of Groundwater, McGraw Hill, 1979. Translated into Chinese. Also reissued by Dover publication, 2007.
· Bear, J. and A. Verruijt. Modeling Groundwater Flow and Pollution, Kluwer Academic Publ., 1987
· Bear, J. and Y. Bachmat. Introduction to Modeling Transport Phenomena in Porous Media, Kluwer Acad. Publ., 1990.
He was the founder (1986) of the International Journal Transport in Porous Media and has been serving as its Chief Editor until 2012.
Prof. Bear has been serving as Visiting Professor on sabbatical leaves at M.I.T.( 1966/7), at State Univ. of New-York, at Buffalo, NY. (1973), at Princeton Univ. (1976/7), at the Univ. of Hawaii, Honolulu, Hawaii (1977), at Univ. of Michigan at Ann Arbor MI. (1980), at Univ. of California at Irvine and at UCLA (1986/7, 1998), at Stanford Univ. (1987), at the Virginia Polytechnical Institute. at Blacksburg, VA. (1989), at the Univ. of Minnesota at Minneapolis, MN. (1991), and at ETH, Switzerland (1994).
He has been teaching short courses for engineers, scientists and university personnel on Groundwater Hydrology, Management of Water Resources, Modeling Flow and Pollution of Groundwater and Modeling Transport Phenomena in Porous Media at many universities around the world.